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Vitamin K Content of Foods

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Food NameVit. KCalories 
Chives, dried or dehydrated2262.8319
Parsley, raw1640.036
Parsley, cooked (assume fat not added in cooking)1640.036
Kale, cooked, from frozen, fat not added in cooking875.530
Kale, cooked, from frozen, fat added in cooking848.453
Kale, cooked, from frozen848.453
Chard, raw830.019
Kale, cooked, fat not added in cooking811.028
Kale, cooked, from fresh, fat not added in cooking811.028
Kale, cooked, from canned, fat not added in cooking811.028
Kale, cooked, fat added in cooking787.551
Kale, cooked, from fresh, fat added in cooking787.551
Kale, cooked, from canned787.551
Kale, cooked, from fresh787.551
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Usage Notes

  • Vitamin K (measured in micrograms) and calories are calculated per 100g of food.
  • This Vitamin K content of foods database contains approximately 7,000 most common food items.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by Vitamin K or calories.
  • Pie chart shows relative contributions to total calories from carbohydrate, protein and fat (and alcohol, if exists).

Vitamin K in Diet

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin. Vitamin K is known as the clotting vitamin, because without it blood would not clot. The name vitamin K comes from the German word “Koagulationsvitamin.” Several forms of vitamin K are used around the world as medicine. But in the U.S., the only form available is vitamin K1 (phytonadione). Vitamin K1 is generally the preferred form of vitamin K because it is less toxic, works faster, is stronger, and works better for certain conditions.

Studies suggest that vitamin K help maintain strong bones in the elderly. Vitamin K is used to prevent and treat weak bones (osteoporosis) and relieve itching that often accompanies a liver disease called biliary cirrhosis. People apply vitamin K to the skin to remove spider veins, bruises, scars, stretch marks, and burns. It is also used topically to treat rosacea, a skin condition that causes redness and pimples on the face. After surgery, vitamin K is used to speed up skin healing and reduce bruising and swelling.

Vitamin Ks primary function in the body is to aid in the production of GLA (gamma carboxyglutamic acid) proteins, which play a part in coagulation and anti-coagulation of blood. GLA proteins help blood to clot when a wound occurs, stopping the flow of blood through a damaged vessel. They also inhibit overactive clotting, ensuring that blood continues to flow smoothly once a wound begins to heal.

Vitamin K also helps with the maintenance of healthy bones. Its necessary for osteoblasts (bone-forming cells) to activate osteocalcin, a protein that binds calcium to bones. It may also inhibit the production of osteoblasts, the cells responsible for resorbing, or breaking down, bone.

In addition, vitamin K promotes cardiovascular health through its support of healthy blood vessels. Without adequate amounts of vitamin K, inactive osteocalcin may circulate through the bloodstream. Calcium may not be properly delivered to bones, but rather become deposited in arteries, leading to poor artery health.

Vitamin K also functions as an antioxidant, working to protect healthy cells from damage caused by free radicals, which are unstable molecules that destroy cell membranes and DNA and may lead to poor health and premature aging.

Vitamin K Food Sources

The best way to get the daily requirement of vitamin K is by eating food sources. Vitamin K is found in the following foods:

  • Green leafy vegetables, such as kale, spinach, turnip greens, collards, Swiss chard, mustard greens, parsley, romaine, and green leaf lettuce
  • Vegetables such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage
  • Fish, liver, meat, eggs, and cereals (contain smaller amounts)
  • Vitamin K is also made by the bacteria that line the gastrointestinal tract.

Vitamin K Deficiency

Vitamin K deficiency is very rare. It occurs when the body can't properly absorb the vitamin from the intestinal tract. Vitamin K deficiency can also occur after long-term treatment with antibiotics.
People with vitamin K deficiency are usually more likely to have bruising and bleeding.

Vitamin K and Blood Thinning Drugs

If you take blood thinning drugs (such as anticoagulant/antiplatelet drugs), you may need to limit vitamin K foods. You should know that vitamin K or foods containing vitamin K can affect how these drugs work.
Coumadin (warfarin) is an anticoagulant (blood thinner). Warfarin reduces the formation of blood clots. Coumadin is used to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clots in veins and arteries.
You also need to be careful about taking vitamin E supplements. Vitamin E can interfere with how vitamin K works in your body.
It is important for you to keep vitamin K levels in your blood about the same from day to day. Ask your health care provider how much vitamin K-containing foods you should eat.

Recommendations

The best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins is to eat a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, fortified dairy foods, legumes (dried beans), lentils, and whole grains.

Additional Vitamin K Content of Foods Databases

We provide multiple vitamin K databases: Directory of Vitamin K Nutrient Databases including Vitamin K2 and K1 data.
If you cannot find a food in one database, please try another vitamin K database in our directory.


Foods Rich in Vitamin K

List of top 100 foods high in vitamin K. Vitamin K content is in micrograms per 100 grams of food weight.



Food Name Vitamin K

Spices, sage, ground 1715

Spices, thyme, dried 1715

Spices, basil, dried 1715

Parsley, fresh 1640

Spices, coriander leaf, dried 1360

Spices, parsley, dried 1360

Amaranth leaves, raw 1140

Kale, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 882

Kale, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 882

Chard, swiss, raw 830

Kale, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 817

Kale, raw 817

Spices, poultry seasoning 805

Dandelion greens, raw 778

Collards, frozen, chopped, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 623

Collards, frozen, chopped, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 623

Spices, oregano, dried 622

Spices, marjoram, dried 622

Celery flakes, dried 584

Dandelion greens, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 551

Cress, garden, raw 542

Spinach, frozen, chopped or leaf, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 541

Spinach, frozen, chopped or leaf, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 541

Turnip greens, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 519

Turnip greens, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 519

Collards, raw 511

Stinging Nettles, blanched (Northern Plains Indians) 499

Mustard greens, raw 497

Lambsquarters, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 494


Foods High in Vitamin K Vitamin K

Lambs quarters, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 494

Spinach, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 494

Spinach, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 494

Beet greens, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 484

Beet greens, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 484

Spinach, raw 483

Spinach, canned, regular pack, drained solids 462

Collards, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 440

Collards, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 440

Turnip greens and turnips, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 415

Turnip greens and turnips, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 415

Basil, fresh 415

Beet greens, raw 400

Cress, garden, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 383

Cress, garden, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 383

Spinach, frozen, chopped or leaf, unprepared 372

Turnip greens, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 368

Turnip greens, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 368

Dandelion greens, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 359

Chrysanthemum, garland, raw 350

Lambsquarters, raw (Northern Plains Indians) 347

New Zealand spinach, raw 337

Mustard greens, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 335

Mustard greens, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 335

Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, fat-free, made with olestra 329

Chard, swiss, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 327

Chard, swiss, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 327

Coriander (cilantro) leaves, raw 310

Mustard greens, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 300

Mustard greens, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 300

Chicory greens, raw 298


Foods High in Vitamin K Vitamin K

New Zealand spinach, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 292

New zealand spinach, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 292

Turnip greens, canned, no salt added 287

Broccoli raab, cooked 256

Radicchio, raw 255

Turnip greens, raw 251

Watercress, raw 250

Endive, raw 231

Broccoli raab, raw 224

Chives, raw 213

Onions, spring or scallions (includes tops and bulb), raw 207

USDA Commodity Food, oil, vegetable, low saturated fat 198

Babyfood, vegetables, spinach, creamed, strained 197

Brussels sprouts, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 194

Brussels sprouts, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 194

Onions, welsh, raw 193

Snacks, tortilla chips, low fat, made with olestra, nacho cheese 192

USDA Commodity Food, oil, vegetable, soybean, refined 184

Oil, industrial, soy, refined, for woks and light frying 184

Oil, industrial, soy, fully hydrogenated 184

Oil, industrial, soy, low linolenic 184

Oil, soybean, salad or cooking 184

Oil, industrial, soy, ultra low linolenic 184

Oil, soybean lecithin 184

Brussels sprouts, raw 177

Spices, pepper, black 164

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy tips, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 163

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy tips, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 163

Onions, young green, tops only 156

Salad dressing, KRAFT Mayo Light Mayonnaise 155

Salad dressing, KRAFT Mayo Fat Free Mayonnaise Dressing 155


Foods High in Vitamin K Vitamin K

Spaghetti, spinach, dry 152

Chrysanthemum, garland, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 143

Chrysanthemum, garland, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 143

Spices, cloves, ground 142

Broccoli, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 141

Broccoli, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 141

Lettuce, red leaf, raw 140

Brussels sprouts, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 140

Brussels sprouts, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt 140

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