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Tyrosine Content of Foods

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Food NameTyrosine
Butter, salted0.041
Butter, whipped, with salt0.041
Butter oil, anhydrous0.014
Cheese, blue1.295
Cheese, brick1.115
Cheese, brie1.200
Cheese, camembert1.145
Cheese, caraway1.216
Cheese, cheddar1.202
Cheese, cheshire1.128
Cheese, colby1.147
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd0.604
Cheese, cottage, creamed, with fruit0.566
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd0.561
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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.





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Tyrosine

Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from phenylalanine. The word "tyrosine" is from the Greek tyri, meaning cheese, as it was first discovered in 1846 by German chemist Justus von Liebig in the protein casein from cheese.

Tyrosine used as a nutrient and/or dietary supplement in animal drugs, feeds, and related products is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Tyrosine and medical use

Tyrosine is a precursor to neurotransmitters and increases plasma neurotransmitter levels (particularly dopamine and norepinephrine) but has little if any effect on mood. The effect on mood is more noticeable in humans subjected to stressful conditions (see below).

A number of studies have found tyrosine to be useful during conditions of stress, cold, fatigue, loss of a loved one such as in death or divorce, prolonged work and sleep deprivation, with reductions in stress hormone levels, reductions in stress-induced weight loss seen in animal trials, improvements in cognitive and physical performance seen in human trials; however, because tyrosine hydroxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme, effects are less significant than those of L-DOPA.

Tyrosine does not seem to have any significant effect on mood, cognitive or physical performance in normal circumstances. A daily dosage for a clinical test supported in the literature is about 100 mg/kg for an adult, which amounts to about 6.8 grams at 150 lbs. The usual dosage amounts to 500–1500 mg per day (dose suggested by most manufacturers; usually an equivalent to 1–3 capsules of pure tyrosine). It is not recommended to exceed 12000 mg (12 g) per day. In fact, too high doses result in reduced levels of dopamine. Tyrosine may decrease the absorption of other amino acids in high or chronic doses. It decreases absorption of l-dopa.

Tyrosine Food Sources

Tyrosine is found in many high-protein food products such as chicken, turkey, fish, peanuts, almonds, avocados, milk, cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, lima beans, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, bananas, and soy products. Tyrosine can also be obtained through supplementation.

Table of foods highest in tyrosine content in grams per 100 grams of food weight:



Tyrosine
Foods Highest in Tyrosine

3.44
Egg, white, dried, stabilized, glucose reduced

3.31
Egg, white, dried, powder, stabilized, glucose reduced

3.30
Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, ProPlus

3.30
Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, SUPRO

3.22
Soy protein isolate, potassium type, crude protein basis

3.22
Soy protein isolate

3.22
Soy protein isolate, potassium type

3.15
Egg, white, dried

3.09
Egg, white, dried, flakes, stabilized, glucose reduced

2.58
Seaweed, spirulina, dried

2.33
Cheese, parmesan, grated

2.32
Cheese, parmesan, shredded

2.30
Soy protein concentrate, crude protein basis (N x 6.25), produced by acid wash

2.30
Soy protein concentrate, produced by acid wash

2.30
Soy protein concentrate, produced by alcohol extraction

2.15
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, dried (Alaska Native)

2.12
Peanut flour, defatted

2.12
Fish, cod, Atlantic, dried and salted

2.10
Seeds, sesame flour, low-fat

2.00
Egg, whole, dried, stabilized, glucose reduced

2.00
Cheese, parmesan, hard

1.99
Egg, whole, dried

1.97
Cheese, parmesan, dry grated, reduced fat

1.89
Whale, beluga, meat, dried (Alaska Native)

1.80
Seeds, cottonseed flour, low fat (glandless)

1.78
Soy flour, defatted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

1.78
Soy flour, defatted

1.78
Cheese, gruyere

1.78
Cheese, romano


Tyrosine
Foods Highest in Tyrosine

1.77
Seeds, cottonseed meal, partially defatted (glandless)

1.76
Soy flour, low-fat, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

1.75
Milk, dry, nonfat, regular, without added vitamin A and vitamin D

1.75
Milk, dry, nonfat, regular, with added vitamin A and vitamin D

1.74
Fish, whitefish, dried (Alaska Native)

1.71
Milk, dry, nonfat, calcium reduced

1.70
Soy meal, defatted, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

1.70
Soy meal, defatted, raw

1.69
Milk, dry, nonfat, instant, without added vitamin A and vitamin D

1.69
Milk, dry, nonfat, instant, with added vitamin A and vitamin D

1.69
Cheese, swiss

1.69
Seeds, sesame flour, partially defatted

1.66
Milk, buttermilk, dried

1.63
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, partially dried (Alaska Native)

1.60
Tofu, dried-frozen (koyadofu)

1.60
Tofu, dried-frozen (koyadofu), prepared with calcium sulfate

1.57
Smelt, dried (Alaska Native)

1.55
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, microwaved

1.54
Soybeans, mature seeds, raw

1.52
Cheese, fontina

1.52
Cheese, provolone, reduced fat

1.52
Cheese, provolone

1.52
Mollusks, whelk, unspecified, cooked, moist heat

1.50
Soybeans, mature seeds, dry roasted

1.48
Seeds, cottonseed flour, partially defatted (glandless)

1.46
Cheese, tilsit

1.46
Cheese, edam

1.46
Winged beans, mature seeds, raw

1.45
Cheese, gouda

1.44
Fish, roe, mixed species, cooked, dry heat

1.43
Meat extender


Tyrosine
Foods Highest in Tyrosine

1.43
Egg, yolk, dried

1.42
Cheese, port de salut

1.41
Seeds, sunflower seed flour, partially defatted

1.40
Cheese, mozzarella, part skim milk

1.37
Peanut flour, low fat

1.37
Beef, loin, top sirloin filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.37
Beef, plate steak, boneless, inside skirt, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.36
Lupins, mature seeds, raw

1.36
Pork, cured, bacon, pre-sliced, cooked, pan-fried

1.35
Cheese, pasteurized process, swiss

1.34
Pork, ground, 96% lean / 4% fat, cooked, pan-broiled

1.33
Beef, top loin filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.33
Soybeans, mature seeds, roasted, salted

1.33
Soybeans, mature seeds, roasted, no salt added

1.32
Soy flour, full-fat, roasted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

1.32
Soy flour, full-fat, roasted

1.31
Beef, loin, top sirloin petite roast, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked,

1.31
Beef, rib, back ribs, bone-in, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

1.31
Soy flour, full-fat, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

1.31
Soy flour, full-fat, raw

1.30
Cheese, blue

1.29
Beef, rib eye steak, boneless, lip off, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.29
Beef, rib eye steak, boneless, lip-on, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.29
Pork, ground, 96% lean / 4% fat, cooked, crumbles

1.29
Seeds, sesame flour, high-fat

1.28
Beef, rib eye roast, boneless, lip-on, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, roasted

1.28
Beef, plate steak, boneless, outside skirt, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.27
Beef, top loin petite roast, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, roasted

1.27
Milk, dry, whole, without added vitamin D

1.27
Milk, dry, whole, with added vitamin D

1.27
Beef, ribeye petite roast, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, roasted


Tyrosine
Foods Highest in Tyrosine

1.27
Beef, loin, top sirloin cap steak, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.26
Egg Mix, USDA Commodity

1.25
Cheese, mozzarella, whole milk, low moisture

1.25
Beef, loin, top sirloin filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, grilled

1.25
Beef, rib eye steak, bone-in, lip-on, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.24
Beef, ribeye filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

1.23
Pork, Leg sirloin tip roast, boneless, separable lean and fat, cooked, braised

1.23
Pork, fresh, loin, sirloin (chops), bone-in, separable lean only, cooked, braised

1.22
Beef, plate steak, boneless, inside skirt, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, grilled

1.22
Cheese, mozzarella, part skim milk, low moisture

1.22
Turkey, fryer-roasters, wing, meat only, cooked, roasted

1.22
Cheese, caraway

1.21
Beef, round, top round, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

1.21
Beef, round, top round, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

1.21
Cheese, pasteurized process, pimento

1.21
Pork, fresh, loin, top loin (chops), boneless, separable lean only, cooked, braised

1.21
Pork, fresh, loin, top loin (chops), boneless, separable lean only, cooked, pan-fried

1.21
Beef, rib eye roast, bone-in, lip-on, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, roasted

1.21
Snacks, pork skins, plain

1.20
Pork, fresh, loin, sirloin (roasts), boneless, separable lean only, cooked, roasted

1.20
Cheese, cheddar

1.20
Cheese, brie

1.20
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, broiled, pan-fried or roasted

1.20
Cheese food, pasteurized process, swiss

1.20
Pork, fresh, loin, center loin (chops), bone-in, separable lean only, cooked, braised

1.20
Beef, top loin filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, all grades, cooked, grilled

1.20
Beef, round, top round, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

1.20
Cheese, limburger

1.20
Beef, round, top round, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

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