Thiamine (Vitamin B1) Content of Foods

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Food NameThiamine 
Milk, human0.014
Milk0.039
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole0.044
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole, low-sodium0.020
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, whole0.044
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat0.020
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat0.036
Milk, cow's, fluid, other than whole ("lowfat")0.037
Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat0.039
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat0.020
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat0.039
Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat0.020
Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat0.045
Milk, cow's, fluid, filled with vegetable oil0.030
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Usage Note

  • Thiamine value is in mg and calculated per 100g of food weight.
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THIAMINE

information from the National Institutes of Health

Thiamine (also spelled thiamin) is a vitamin, also called vitamin B1. Vitamin B1 is found in many foods including yeast, cereal grains, beans, nuts, and meat. It is often used in combination with other B vitamins, and found in many vitamin B complex products. Vitamin B complexes generally include vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin/niacinamide), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), and folic acid. However, some products do not contain all of these ingredients and some may include others, such as biotin, para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), choline bitartrate, and inositol.

People take thiamine for conditions related to low levels of thiamine (thiamine deficiency syndromes), including beriberi and inflammation of the nerves outside the brain (peripheral neuritis) associated with pregnancy or with a vitamin-deficiency disease called pellagra.

Thiamine is also used for digestive problems including poor appetite, ulcerative colitis, and ongoing diarrhea.

Thiamine is also used for AIDS and boosting the immune system, diabetic pain, heart disease, alcoholism, aging, a type of brain damage called cerebellar syndrome, canker sores, vision problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, motion sickness, and improving athletic performance. Other uses include preventing cervical cancer and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Some people use thiamine for maintaining a positive mental attitude; enhancing learning abilities; increasing energy; fighting stress; and preventing memory loss, including Alzheimer's disease.

Healthcare providers give thiamine shots for a memory disorder called Wernicke's encephalopathy syndrome, other thiamine deficiency syndromes in critically ill people, alcohol withdrawal, and coma.

Thiamine Effectiveness

The effectiveness ratings for thiamin (vitamin B1) are as follows:

Effective for

•Treatment and prevention of thiamine deficiency, including a specific disorder called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) that is related to low levels of thiamine (thiamine deficiency) and is often see in alcoholics. Between 30% and 80% of alcoholics are believed to have thiamine deficiency. Giving thiamine shots seems to help decrease the risk of developing WKS and decrease symptoms of WKS during alcohol withdrawal.

•Correcting problems in people with certain types of genetic diseases including Leigh's disease, maple syrup urine disease, and others.

Possibly effective for

•Preventing kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes. Developing research shows that taking high-dose thiamine (100 mg three times daily) for three months significantly decreases the amount of albumin in the urine in people with type 2 diabetes. Albumin in the urine is an indication of kidney damage.

•Preventing cataracts.

Thiamine Deficiency

A lack or deficiency of thiamin can cause weakness, fatigue, psychosis, and nerve damage.

Thiamine deficiency in the United States is most often seen in people who abuse alcohol (alcoholism). A lot of alcohol makes it hard for the body to absorb thiamin from foods. Unless those with alcoholism receive higher-than-normal amounts of thiamin to make up for the difference, the body will not get enough of the substance. This can lead to a disease called beriberi.

In severe thiamin deficiency, brain damage can occur. One type is called Korsakoff syndrome. The other is Wernicke's disease. Either or both of these conditions can occur in the same person.

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Foods High in Thiamin

Thiamin content is in milligrams per 100 grams of food weight. Many of these thiamin-rich foods are products fortified with the vitamin.



Foods Highest in Thiamin Thiamin

Yeast extract spread 23.38

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Spicy Black Bean Burger, frozen, unprepared 13.60

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Garden Veggie Patties, frozen, unprepared 11.20

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Veggie Breakfast Sausage Patties, frozen, unprepared 11.00

Leavening agents, yeast, baker's, active dry 10.99

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Veggie Breakfast Bacon Strips, frozen, unprepared 10.10

WORTHINGTON Stripples, frozen, unprepared 10.10

Formulated bar, POWER BAR, chocolate 8.06

Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Crispy Hexagons 7.55

Cereals ready-to-eat, USDA Commodity Corn and Rice (includes all commodity brands) 6.29

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S Complete Oat Bran Flakes 5.50

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN COMPLETE Wheat Flakes 5.20

Soup, cream of vegetable, dry, powder 5.18

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Multi-Grain Cheerios 5.17

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Whole Grain TOTAL 5.00

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL Corn Flakes 5.00

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S PRODUCT 19 5.00

Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Enriched Bran flakes 4.71

Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Corn Flakes 4.48

Bacon, meatless 4.40

Malted drink mix, natural, with added nutrients, powder 4.23

WORTHINGTON Prosage Links, frozen, unprepared 4.00

Luncheon slices, meatless 4.00

Babyfood, cereal, rice, with bananas, dry 3.97

Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Puffed Wheat Cereal 3.87

Babyfood, cereal, high protein, with apple and orange, dry 3.79

Babyfood, cereal, mixed, with bananas, dry 3.78

Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Puffed Rice Cereal 3.73

Babyfood, cereal, oatmeal, with bananas, dry 3.60


Thiamin-Rich Foods Thiamin

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Honey Nut Oat Bar 3.39

WORTHINGTON Meatless Corned Beef Roll, frozen, unprepared 3.30

WORTHINGTON Smoked Turkey Roll, frozen, unprepared 3.30

WORTHINGTON Wham (roll), frozen, unprepared 3.30

Seeds, sunflower seed flour, partially defatted 3.19

Cereals, QUAKER, Instant Oatmeal, Apple and Cinnamon, reduced sugar 3.12

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL, Blueberry Pomegranate 3.10

Malted drink mix, chocolate, with added nutrients, powder 3.05

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S SMART START Strong Heart Antioxidants Cereal 3.00

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Energy Bar, all flavors 2.95

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL Raisin Bran 2.83

Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, CORN BURSTS 2.83

Babyfood, cereal, oatmeal, dry 2.81

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, WHEATIES 2.80

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Grillers Original, frozen, unprepared 2.80

WORTHINGTON FriPats, frozen, unprepared 2.80

Babyfood, cereal, oatmeal, with honey, dry 2.77

Rice bran, crude 2.75

Babyfood, cereal, barley, dry 2.74

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Chewy Chocolate Peanut Bar 2.73

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS MARATHON MULTIGRAIN CRUNCH BAR 2.73

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, WHEATIES, Fuel 2.70

Seeds, sesame flour, high-fat 2.68

Veggie burgers or soyburgers, unprepared 2.65

Babyfood, cereal, rice, dry 2.65

Cereals ready-to-eat, rice, puffed, fortified 2.60

Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, ProPlus 2.60

Cereals ready-to-eat, wheat, puffed, fortified 2.60

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL, Cranberry Crunch 2.59

Seeds, sesame meal, partially defatted 2.57

Seeds, sesame flour, partially defatted 2.53


Thiamin-Rich Foods Thiamin

Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, BERRY COLOSSAL CRUNCH 2.53

Seeds, sesame flour, low-fat 2.52

Babyfood, cereal, mixed, dry 2.44

Seaweed, spirulina, dried 2.38

Sausage, meatless 2.34

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN Original 2.27

Cereals ready-to-eat, UNCLE SAM CEREAL 2.27

Seeds, cottonseed meal, partially defatted (glandless) 2.22

Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Frosted Flakes 2.17

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S Corn Flakes 2.13

Seeds, cottonseed flour, partially defatted (glandless) 2.10

WORTHINGTON Dinner Roast, frozen, unprepared 2.10

Seeds, cottonseed flour, low fat (glandless) 2.09

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S FROSTED FLAKES 2.06

Cereals ready-to-eat, USDA Commodity Rice Crisps (includes all commodity brands) 2.05

Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Crispy Rice 2.05

Cereals, oats, instant, fortified, plain, dry 2.05

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CINNAMON TOAST CRUNCH 2.00

Cereals ready-to-eat, QUAKER, KRETSCHMER Wheat Germ, Regular 1.97

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, KIX 1.96

Cereals, QUAKER, corn grits, instant, plain, dry 1.95

Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CHEERIOS 1.93

Incaparina, dry mix (corn and soy flours), unprepared 1.93

Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S CRISPIX 1.91

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Veggie Breakfast Sausage Links, frozen, unprepared 1.90

Wheat germ, crude 1.88

Leavening agents, yeast, baker's, compressed 1.88

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS MARATHON Protein Performance Bar, Caramel Nut Rush 1.88

Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Honey BUZZERS 1.87

Cereals, MALT-O-MEAL, plain, dry 1.84

Cereals ready-to-eat, QUAKER, HONEY GRAHAM OH!S 1.83

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