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|Milk, cow's, fluid, whole||0||113||3||60||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, whole, low-sodium||0||101||3||61||
|Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, whole||0||412||3||60||
|Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat||0||219||1||42||
|Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat||0||204||0||35||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, other than whole ("lowfat")||0||119||1||44||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat||0||117||2||50||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat||0||119||1||42||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat||0||117||2||50||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat||0||119||1||42||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat||0||125||0||34||
|Milk, cow's, fluid, filled with vegetable oil||0||128||3||63||
Guide to DIET and PROSTATE CANCER
from the National Institutes of Health
Because prostate cancer appears to be more common with a Western lifestyle, diet
has been closely studied as a risk.
•Fats. Some studies have linked prostate cancer to a high-fat diet, especially
including red meat and high-fat dairy products.
•Vegetables and fruits. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and legumes appears to
protect against prostate cancer. This may be because these foods are low in fat.
No one vegetable or fruit has been proven to decrease the risk. Lycopene, which
is found in tomatoes, has been investigated, but the evidence that it protects against
prostate cancer has not been proven.
•Calcium. A high intake of calcium has been linked to an increased risk for prostate
cancer in some studies.
Recommendations for a Healthy PROSTATE CANCER Diet
from the National Institutes of Health
•Choose foods and portion sizes that promote a healthy weight.
•Choose whole grains instead of refined grain products to increase fiber in the diet
(25 to 35 grams of fiber per day).
•Eat 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.
•Limit processed and red meat in your diet. Only eat salted, smoked, or cured foods
•Limit alcohol to one drink per day (women who are at high risk for breast cancer
should consider not drinking alcohol at all).
•Choose lean cuts of beef, lamb, and pork, as well as skinless poultry and fish.
Baking, broiling, poaching, and steaming are the best cooking methods. Choose skim
or low-fat milk and dairy products, as well as low-fat salad dressings.
How to use the DietGrail food database to select foods for a healthy Prostate Cancer
This food database provides the calcium, fiber and total fat contents, calories,
fat, carbohydrate and protein calorie ratios of approximately 7,000 food items.
A food's mineral and vitamin contents are displayed in charts to allow easy evaluation
of its nutrition. You can use these vitamin and mineral charts to choose the most
nutrient-dense foods and avoid foods with empty calories.
Click on any of the column headers to sort foods.
In addition, the calorie pie chart shows the contribution of fat, carb and protein
to the food's total calorie.
Foods can be searched by name and sorted by nutrient contents to help you find the
most appropriate foods.
- Calcium value is in mg and calculated per 100g of food weight.
- Fiber and Fat values are in grams and calculated per 100g of food weight.
- Click on column header to sort foods by name or by fiber, sodium, fat or calorie
- Pie chart shows relative contributions to total calories from carbohydrate, protein
and fat (and alcohol, if exists).
- The mineral and vitamin charts show the relative contents of minerals and vitamins
of each food. The higher the bubble, the higher mineral or vitamin content a food
has relative to other foods. The larger the bubble, the greater the mineral or vitamin
content relative to the Recommended Daily Allowances.
Prostate Cancer Overview
The prostate is the gland below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen. Prostate
cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in men of all ages.
It is rare in men younger than 40.
Levels of a substance called prostate specific antigen (PSA) is often high in men
with prostate cancer. However, PSA can also be high with other prostate conditions.
Since the PSA test became common, most prostate cancers are found before they cause
symptoms. Symptoms of prostate cancer may include
Problems passing urine, such as pain, difficulty starting or stopping the stream,
or dribbling Low back pain Pain with ejaculation
Prostate cancer treatment often depends on the stage of the cancer. How fast the
cancer grows and how different it is from surrounding tissue helps determine the
stage. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or control
of hormones that affect the cancer.
PROSTATE CANCER Risk Factors
When you're told you have prostate cancer, it's natural to wonder what may have
caused the disease. But no one knows the exact causes of prostate cancer. Doctors
seldom know why one man develops prostate cancer and another doesn't.
However, research has shown that men with certain risk factors are more likely than
others to develop prostate cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase
the chance of getting a disease.
Studies have found the following risk factors for prostate cancer:
Age over 65: Age is the main risk factor for prostate cancer. The chance of getting
prostate cancer increases as you get older. In the United States, most men with
prostate cancer are over 65. This disease is rare in men under 45.
Family history: Your risk is higher if your father, brother, or son had prostate
Race: Prostate cancer is more common among black men than white or Hispanic/Latino
men. It's less common among Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native
Certain prostate changes: Men with cells called high-grade prostatic intraepithelial
neoplasia may be at increased risk of prostate cancer. These prostate cells look
abnormal under a microscope.
Certain genome changes: Researchers have found specific regions on certain chromosomes
that are linked to the risk of prostate cancer. According to recent studies, if
a man has a genetic change in one or more of these regions, the risk of prostate
cancer may be increased. The risk increases with the number of genetic changes that
are found. Also, other studies have shown an elevated risk of prostate cancer among
men with changes in certain genes, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2. Having a risk factor
doesn't mean that a man will develop prostate cancer. Most men who have risk factors
never develop the disease.
Many other possible risk factors are under study. For example, researchers have
studied whether vasectomy (surgery to cut or tie off the tubes that carry sperm
out of the testicles) may pose a risk, but most studies have found no increased
risk. Also, most studies have shown that the chance of getting prostate cancer is
not increased by tobacco or alcohol use, BPH, a sexually transmitted disease, obesity,
a lack of exercise, or a diet high in animal fat or meat. Researchers continue to
study these and other possible risk factors.
Researchers are also studying how prostate cancer may be prevented. For example,
they are studying the possible benefits of certain drugs, vitamin E, selenium, green
tea extract, and other substances. These studies are with men who have not yet developed
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