Foods without Galactose - Galactosemia Diet

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Food NameTotal SugarsGalactose
Butter oil, anhydrous0.00
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd2.70
Cheese, cottage, lowfat, 2% milkfat3.70
Cheese, cream3.20
Cheese, neufchatel3.20
Cream, sour, cultured2.90
Dessert topping, powdered, 1.5 ounce prepared with 1/2 cup milk17.10
Milk, whole, 3.25% milkfat, with added vitamin D5.10
Milk, lowfat, fluid, 1% milkfat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D5.20
Milk, nonfat, fluid, with added vitamin A and vitamin D (fat free or skim)5.10
Egg, whole, raw, fresh0.40
Egg, yolk, raw, frozen, pasteurized0.20
Egg, yolk, raw, frozen, sugared, pasteurized10.30
Egg, whole, cooked, fried0.40
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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.








Galactosemia

information from the National Institutes of Health

Galactosemia is a disorder that affects how the body processes a simple sugar called galactose. A small amount of galactose is present in many foods. It is primarily part of a larger sugar called lactose, which is found in all dairy products and many baby formulas. The signs and symptoms of galactosemia result from an inability to use galactose to produce energy.

Researchers have identified several types of galactosemia. These conditions are each caused by mutations in a particular gene, and affect different enzymes involved in breaking down galactose. Classic galactosemia, also known as type I, is the most common and most severe form of the condition. Galactosemia type II (also called galactokinase deficiency) and type III (also called galactose epimerase deficiency) cause different patterns of signs and symptoms.

If infants with classic galactosemia are not treated promptly with a low-galactose diet, life-threatening complications appear within a few days after birth. Affected infants typically develop feeding difficulties, a lack of energy (lethargy), a failure to gain weight and grow as expected (failure to thrive), yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice), liver damage, and bleeding. Other serious complications of this condition can include overwhelming bacterial infections (sepsis) and shock. Affected children are also at increased risk of delayed development, clouding of the lens of the eye (cataract), speech difficulties, and intellectual disability. Females with classic galactosemia may experience reproductive problems caused by ovarian failure.

Galactosemia type II causes fewer medical problems than the classic type. Affected infants develop cataracts, but otherwise experience few long-term complications. The signs and symptoms of galactosemia type III vary from mild to severe and can include cataracts, delayed growth and development, intellectual disability, liver disease, and kidney problems.

Treatment of Galactosemia

People with this condition must avoid all milk, milk-containing products (including dry milk), and other foods that contain galactose for life.

For galactose content of common foods see: Galactose Counter.

Directory of Special Food Lists

High-Sugar Foods without Galactose

The foods in list below have high total sugar but zero galactose content.



Sugars (g)
Foods with High Sugar Content but Contain No Galactose (100 g)

99.8
Sugars, granulated

99.2
Sugar, turbinado

97.8
Sugars, powdered

97.2
Lemonade-flavor drink, powder

97.0
Sugars, brown

94.7
Lemonade, powder

74.3
McDONALD'S, Honey

68.0
Sweetener, syrup, agave

67.9
Syrups, maple

66.5
Dates, medjool

63.4
Dates, deglet noor

59.9
Syrup, maple, Canadian

59.2
Raisins, seedless

56.3
Candies, TOOTSIE ROLL, chocolate-flavor roll

53.4
Apricots, dried, sulfured, uncooked

52.2
Papaya, canned, heavy syrup, drained

51.3
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, GOLDEN PUFFS

50.7
Agave, dried (Southwest)

48.7
Candies, KIT KAT Wafer Bar

47.9
Chocolate, dark, 45- 59% cacao solids

47.1
Sweeteners, for baking, contains sugar and sucralose

46.5
Lemonade, frozen concentrate, pink

46.1
Candies, chocolate, dark, NFS (45-59% cacao solids 90%; 60-69% cacao solids 5%; 70-85% cacao solids 5%)

46.0
Cookies, chocolate sandwich, with extra creme filling

45.7
Sweeteners, for baking, brown, contains sugar and sucralose

44.5
Lemonade, frozen concentrate, white

43.0
Cookies, sugar wafers with creme filling, regular

41.0
Cookies, chocolate sandwich, with creme filling, regular

40.0
Cake, chocolate, commercially prepared with chocolate frosting, in-store bakery


Sugars (g)
Foods with High Sugar Content but Contain No Galactose (100 g)

39.2
Cake, yellow, commercially prepared, with chocolate frosting, in-store bakery

38.4
Sauce, barbecue, SWEET BABY RAY'S, original

38.1
Plums, dried (prunes), uncooked

36.8
Nuts, coconut meat, dried (desiccated), sweetened, flaked, packaged

36.7
Chocolate, dark, 60-69% cacao solids

36.1
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, LUCKY CHARMS

35.8
McDONALD'S, Sweet 'N Sour Sauce

35.5
Toaster Pastries, fruit, frosted (include apples, blueberry, cherry, strawberry)

35.4
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S FROSTED FLAKES

35.3
Sauce, barbecue, BULL'S-EYE, original

34.3
McDONALD'S, Barbeque Sauce

33.9
McDONALD'S, McDONALDLAND Chocolate Chip Cookies

33.4
Cereals ready-to-eat, QUAKER, CAP'N CRUNCH'S PEANUT BUTTER CRUNCH

33.2
Sauce, barbecue, low sodium

33.2
Sauce, barbecue

33.2
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CINNAMON TOAST CRUNCH

32.8
Muffins, blueberry, commercially prepared (Includes mini-muffins)

32.3
Sauce, barbecue, KRAFT, original

32.1
Cereals ready-to-eat, POST Raisin Bran Cereal

31.3
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S RAISIN BRAN

31.0
Sauce, barbecue, KC MASTERPIECE, original

30.1
Formulated bar, POWER BAR, chocolate

28.9
Snacks, granola bars, soft, uncoated, chocolate chip

28.8
Cake, pound, BIMBO Bakeries USA, Panque Casero, home baked style

28.7
Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Energy Bar, all flavors

28.5
Salad dressing, french dressing, reduced fat, without salt

26.9
McDONALD'S, Hot Fudge Sundae

25.8
Keikitos (muffins), Latino bakery item

25.4
Cinnamon buns, frosted (includes honey buns)

25.3
McDONALD'S, Strawberry Sundae

25.2
Pie, pecan, commercially prepared


Sugars (g)
Foods with High Sugar Content but Contain No Galactose (100 g)

24.6
McDONALD'S, Warm Cinnamon Roll

24.4
Light Ice Cream, soft serve, blended with milk chocolate candies

24.4
McDONALD'S, McFLURRY with M&M'S CANDIES

24.1
McDONALD'S, McDONALDLAND Cookies

24.0
Chocolate, dark, 70-85% cacao solids

23.8
McDONALD'S, Strawberry TRIPLE THICK Shake

23.6
McDONALD'S, Chocolate TRIPLE THICK Shake

23.5
McDONALD'S, Hot Caramel Sundae

23.5
Sauce, barbecue, OPEN PIT, original

22.8
Doughnuts, yeast-leavened, glazed, enriched (includes honey buns)

22.2
McDONALD'S, Deluxe Warm Cinnamon Roll

21.9
McDONALD'S, Tangy Honey Mustard Sauce

21.9
Pan Dulce, LA RICURA, Salpora de Arroz con Azucar, cookie-like, contains wheat flour and rice flour

21.8
Plantains, yellow, fried, Latino restaurant

21.8
McDONALD'S, Hot Mustard Sauce

21.7
Catsup

21.7
Catsup, low sodium

21.3
Corn, dried, yellow (Northern Plains Indians)

21.2
McDONALD'S, McFLURRY with OREO cookies

21.2
Light Ice Cream, soft serve, blended with cookie pieces

20.9
Agave, cooked (Southwest)

20.6
McDONALD'S, Hotcakes (with 2 pats margarine & syrup)

20.4
McDONALD'S, Vanilla TRIPLE THICK Shake

20.1
Sapote, mamey, raw

19.8
Cereals ready-to-eat, POST, HONEY BUNCHES OF OATS, honey roasted

19.5
McDONALD'S, Vanilla Reduced Fat Ice Cream Cone

19.5
Fast foods, vanilla, light, soft-serve ice cream, with cone

19.3
Blueberries, wild, canned, heavy syrup, drained

19.1
Jackfruit, raw

18.3
Pickles, cucumber, sweet (includes bread and butter pickles)

18.0
Fast foods, miniature cinnamon rolls


Sugars (g)
Foods with High Sugar Content but Contain No Galactose (100 g)

17.5
Blueberries, canned, light syrup, drained

17.3
Salad dressing, thousand island dressing, reduced fat

17.3
McDONALD'S, Hotcakes and Sausage

17.3
McDONALD'S, Baked Apple Pie

17.2
Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Enriched Bran flakes

17.2
Puddings, chocolate, ready-to-eat

17.1
Dessert topping, powdered, 1.5 ounce prepared with 1/2 cup milk

17.0
Pastry, Pastelitos de Guava (guava pastries)

17.0
Puddings, vanilla, ready-to-eat

16.9
Formulated bar, LUNA BAR, NUTZ OVER CHOCOLATE

16.8
Salad dressing, thousand island dressing, fat-free

16.2
Cherries, sweet, canned, pitted, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids

16.0
Pancakes, plain, dry mix, complete (includes buttermilk)

16.0
Bread, cornbread, dry mix, prepared

16.0
Salad dressing, french dressing, commercial, regular

16.0
Salad dressing, french dressing, commercial, regular, without salt

15.7
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN Original

15.7
Nance, canned, syrup, drained

15.5
Grapes, red or green (European type, such as Thompson seedless), raw

15.3
Restaurant, Latino, arroz con leche (rice pudding)

15.2
Pulled pork in barbecue sauce

15.2
Salad dressing, thousand island, commercial, regular

15.0
Crackers, wheat, reduced fat

15.0
Vinegar, balsamic

14.9
Puddings, tapioca, ready-to-eat

14.7
Applesauce, canned, sweetened, without salt (includes USDA commodity)

14.7
Peaches, canned, heavy syrup, drained

14.2
Chokecherries, raw, pitted (Shoshone Bannock)

14.2
Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, without added ascorbic acid

14.2
Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, with added ascorbic acid

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