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Glycine Content of Foods

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Food NameGlycine
Butter, salted0.018
Butter, whipped, with salt0.018
Butter oil, anhydrous0.006
Cheese, blue0.406
Cheese, brick0.437
Cheese, brie0.397
Cheese, camembert0.379
Cheese, caraway0.439
Cheese, cheddar0.429
Cheese, cheshire0.403
Cheese, colby0.410
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd0.222
Cheese, cottage, creamed, with fruit0.231
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd0.206
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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.





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Glycine

A non-essential amino acid. It is found primarily in gelatin and silk fibroin and used therapeutically as a nutrient. It is also a fast inhibitory neurotransmitter.

Glycine encephalopathy

Glycine encephalopathy is an inherited condition characterized by abnormally high levels of an amino acid called glycine. Glycine acts as a chemical messenger that transmits signals in the brain. Glycine encephalopathy is caused by the shortage of an enzyme that normally breaks down glycine in the body, thus allowing excess glycine to build up in tissues and organs, particularly the brain. Symptoms typically appear during infancy or early childhood and include a lack of energy (lethargy), feeding difficulties, weak muscle tone (hypotonia), abnormal jerking movements, breathing problems, seizures, and intellectual disability.

Is protein restriction recommended for people with glycine encephalopathy?

Diet restriction alone has not been shown to be effective in improving symptoms of glycine encephalopathy. It is no longer used as a primary method of treatment. Glycine restricted diet in combination with sodium benzoate may be helpful for treating people with severe forms of the condition (who require the maximum or near maximum dose of sodium benzoate).

Glycine Food Sources

Table of foods highest in glycine content.



Glycine (g)
Foods High in Glycine (100 g)

19.05
Gelatins, dry powder, unsweetened

13.77
Gelatin desserts, dry mix, reduced calorie, with aspartame, added phosphorus, potassium, sodium,

vitamin C

13.77
Gelatin desserts, dry mix, reduced calorie, with aspartame, no added sodium

11.92
Snacks, pork skins, plain

11.04
Snacks, pork skins, barbecue-flavor

4.40
Pork, fresh, variety meats and by-products, ears, frozen, raw

4.37
Fish, whitefish, dried (Alaska Native)

4.35
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, dried (Alaska Native)

4.08
Whale, beluga, meat, dried (Alaska Native)

3.70
Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, SUPRO

3.60
Soy protein isolate, potassium type, crude protein basis

3.60
Soy protein isolate

3.60
Soy protein isolate, potassium type

3.60
Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, ProPlus

3.43
Seeds, sesame flour, low-fat

3.34
Pork, pickled pork hocks

3.29
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, partially dried (Alaska Native)

3.28
Smelt, dried (Alaska Native)

3.25
Chicken, broilers or fryers, skin only, cooked, roasted

3.15
Peanut flour, defatted

3.14
Pork, fresh, variety meats and by-products, ears, frozen, cooked, simmered

3.11
Turkey, skin from whole (light and dark), roasted

3.10
Seaweed, spirulina, dried

3.09
Egg, white, dried, powder, stabilized, glucose reduced

3.08
Seeds, sunflower seed flour, partially defatted

3.07
Egg, white, dried, stabilized, glucose reduced

3.04
Turkey, young hen, skin only, cooked, roasted

3.02
Fish, cod, Atlantic, dried and salted


Glycine (g)
Foods High in Glycine (100 g)

2.99
Mollusks, whelk, unspecified, cooked, moist heat

2.89
Chicken, broilers or fryers, skin only, cooked, fried, flour

2.88
Egg, white, dried, flakes, stabilized, glucose reduced

2.88
Turkey, enhanced, skin from whole, (light and dark), roasted

2.84
Egg, white, dried

2.76
Seeds, sesame flour, partially defatted

2.69
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, broiled, pan-fried or roasted

2.69
Soy protein concentrate, crude protein basis (N x 6.25), produced by acid wash

2.69
Soy protein concentrate, produced by alcohol extraction

2.69
Soy protein concentrate, produced by acid wash

2.61
Beef, cured, breakfast strips, cooked

2.60
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, broiled, pan-fried or roasted, reduced sodium

2.51
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, baked

2.43
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Wing, meat only, skin and breading removed

2.43
Chicken, broilers or fryers, skin only, cooked, stewed

2.42
Seeds, cottonseed flour, low fat (glandless)

2.41
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, EXTRA CRISPY, Wing, meat only, skin and breading removed

2.38
Seeds, cottonseed meal, partially defatted (glandless)

2.36
Pork, fresh, variety meats and by-products, tail, raw

2.34
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, ORIGINAL RECIPE, Wing, meat only, skin and breading

removed

2.33
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Breast, meat only, skin and breading removed

2.29
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, EXTRA CRISPY, Breast, meat only, skin and breading

2.29
Veal, variety meats and by-products, liver, cooked, braised

2.26
Beef, cured, corned beef, canned

2.26
Pork, fresh, variety meats and by-products, tail, cooked, simmered

2.25
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, ORIGINAL RECIPE, Breast, meat only, skin and breading

removed

2.23
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Drumstick, meat only, skin and breading removed

2.22
Seeds, safflower seed meal, partially defatted

2.21
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, ORIGINAL RECIPE, Drumstick, meat only, skin and breading

removed


Glycine (g)
Foods High in Glycine (100 g)

2.20
Veal, variety meats and by-products, liver, cooked, pan-fried

2.20
Beef, round, top round, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.19
Game meat, bison, chuck, shoulder clod, separable lean only, 3-5 lb roast, cooked, braised

2.18
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, EXTRA CRISPY, Drumstick, meat only, skin and breading

removed

2.17
Soy flour, defatted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

2.17
Soy flour, defatted

2.17
Corned beef loaf, jellied

2.17
Beef, round, top round, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.16
Snacks, beef sticks, smoked

2.15
Soy flour, low-fat, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

2.13
Chicken, skin (drumsticks and thighs), cooked, roasted

2.13
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.13
Chicken, broilers or fryers, skin only, raw

2.12
Chicken, broilers or fryers, wing, meat and skin, cooked, roasted

2.11
Beef, chuck, arm pot roast, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, choice, cooked, braised

2.11
Beef, ground, 70% lean meat / 30% fat, crumbles, cooked, pan-browned

2.11
Beef, chuck, arm pot roast, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.11
Seeds, sesame flour, high-fat

2.11
Beef, chuck, arm pot roast, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.10
Beef, ground, 70% lean meat / 30% fat, patty, cooked, broiled

2.10
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.10
Chicken, broilers or fryers, skin only, cooked, rotisserie, original seasoning

2.09
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.09
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.09
Luncheon meat, beef, thin sliced

2.09
Beef, cured, thin-sliced beef

2.08
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, choice, cooked, braised

2.08
Soy meal, defatted, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

2.08
Soy meal, defatted, raw

2.07
Pork, cured, breakfast strips, cooked


Glycine (g)
Foods High in Glycine (100 g)

2.07
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.07
Beef, round, top round, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, choice, cooked, pan-fried

2.06
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.05
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.04
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.04
Peanut flour, low fat

2.03
Pork, cured, feet, pickled

2.03
Beef, chuck, arm pot roast, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.03
Beef, chuck, arm pot roast, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

2.03
Mollusks, cuttlefish, mixed species, cooked, moist heat

2.03
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.02
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, braised

2.02
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.02
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, choice, cooked, braised

2.02
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Thigh, meat only, skin and breading removed

2.01
Beef, ground, 75% lean meat / 25% fat, crumbles, cooked, pan-browned

2.01
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

2.01
Chicken, broilers or fryers, wing, meat and skin, cooked, fried, flour

2.00
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, all grades, cooked, braised

2.00
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 1/8" fat, choice, cooked, braised

2.00
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 1/8" fat, all grades, cooked,

braised

1.99
Beef, round, bottom round, steak, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

1.99
Seeds, cottonseed flour, partially defatted (glandless)

1.99
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

1.98
Beef, ground, 70% lean meat / 30% fat, loaf, cooked, baked

1.97
Beef, round, top round, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

1.97
Beef, round, top round, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

1.96
Ostrich, inside strip, cooked

1.96
Beef, brisket, flat half, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 0" fat, choice, cooked, braised

1.96
Beef, ground, 75% lean meat / 25% fat, patty, cooked, broiled

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