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Glutamic Acid Content of Foods

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Food NameGlutamic Acid
Butter, salted0.178
Butter, whipped, with salt0.178
Butter oil, anhydrous0.059
Cheese, blue5.179
Cheese, brick5.515
Cheese, brie4.387
Cheese, camembert4.187
Cheese, caraway6.160
Cheese, cheddar6.092
Cheese, cheshire5.718
Cheese, colby5.813
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd2.603
Cheese, cottage, creamed, with fruit2.300
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd2.419
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  • Nutrition data are calculated per 100g of food weight.
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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.






Amino Acids

Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins. Amino acids and proteins are the building blocks of life. When proteins are digested, amino acids are left. The human body needs a number of amino acids to break down food. Amino acids need to be eaten in large enough amounts for optimal health.

Amino acids are classified into three groups:

  • Essential: Essential amino acids cannot be made by the body, and must be supplied by food.
    The nine essential amino acids are: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
  • Nonessential: Nonessential amino acids are made by the body from essential amino acids or in the normal breakdown of proteins.
    They include: alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid.
  • Conditional: Conditional amino acids are usually not essential, except in times of illness and stress.
    They include: arginine, cysteine, glutamine, tyrosine, glycine, ornithine, proline, and serine.

Glutamic Acid

A non-essential amino acid naturally occurring in the L-form, glutamic acid is the most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The carboxylate anions and salts of glutamic acid are known as glutamates. In neuroscience, glutamate is an important neurotransmitter that plays a key role in long-term potentiation and is important for learning and memory.

Chinese Restaurant Syndrome

information from the National Institutes of Health

Chinese restaurant syndrome is a collection of symptoms that some people have after eating Chinese food. A food additive called monosodium glutamate (MSG) has been blamed, but it has not been proven to be the substance that causes this condition.

In 1968, reports of a series of serious reactions to Chinese food were first described. MSG was felt to be the cause of these symptoms. Since then, many studies have failed to show a connection between MSG and the symptoms that some people describe after eating Chinese food.

For this reason, MSG continues to be used in some meals. However, it is possible that some people are particularly sensitive to food additives, and MSG is chemically similar to one of the brain's most important chemicals, glutamate.

Most people recover from mild cases of Chinese restaurant syndrome without treatment and with no lasting problems.

People who have had life-threatening reactions need to be extremely cautious about what they eat and should always carry medication prescribed by their doctor for emergency treatment.

Monosodium glutamate and chronic asthma

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is used as a flavour enhancer and has been implicated in "Chinese Restaurant Syndrome", causing tightness, burning or numbness in the face, neck and upper chest. It has also been proposed that asthmatics may react badly to MSG.

Our Protein and Amino Acid Online Databases

See our most complete directory of Protein and Amino Acid Online Databases with nutrient databases from the US, UK, Canada, France, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, etc.

Glutamic Acid Rich Foods

List of foods highest in glutamic acid content. Glutamic acid content is in grams per 100 grams of food weight.



Glutamic Acid
Food Name

17.45
Soy protein isolate

17.45
Soy protein isolate, potassium type

17.45
Soy protein isolate, potassium type, crude protein basis

16.80
Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, SUPRO

16.40
Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, ProPlus

12.48
Seeds, cottonseed flour, low fat (glandless)

12.29
Seeds, cottonseed meal, partially defatted (glandless)

12.01
Soy protein concentrate, produced by alcohol extraction

12.01
Soy protein concentrate, produced by acid wash

12.01
Soy protein concentrate, crude protein basis (N x 6.25), produced by acid wash

11.77
Seeds, sunflower seed flour, partially defatted

11.73
Egg, white, dried, stabilized, glucose reduced

11.50
Egg, white, dried, powder, stabilized, glucose reduced

11.18
Seeds, sesame flour, low-fat

11.04
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, dried (Alaska Native)

10.91
Peanut flour, defatted

10.77
Egg, white, dried

10.73
Egg, white, dried, flakes, stabilized, glucose reduced

10.26
Seeds, cottonseed flour, partially defatted (glandless)

9.60
Whale, beluga, meat, dried (Alaska Native)

9.54
Cheese, parmesan, shredded

9.38
Fish, cod, Atlantic, dried and salted

9.11
Soy flour, defatted

9.11
Soy flour, defatted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

9.01
Soy flour, low-fat, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

8.99
Seeds, sesame flour, partially defatted

8.75
Gelatins, dry powder, unsweetened

8.71
Soy meal, defatted, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

8.71
Soy meal, defatted, raw


Glutamic Acid
Food Name

8.70
Cheese, parmesan, grated

8.69
Lupins, mature seeds, raw

8.67
Meat extender

8.39
Seaweed, spirulina, dried

8.34
Seal, bearded (Oogruk), meat, partially dried (Alaska Native)

8.29
Tofu, dried-frozen (koyadofu), prepared with calcium sulfate

8.29
Tofu, dried-frozen (koyadofu)

8.21
Cheese, parmesan, hard

8.16
Seeds, cottonseed kernels, roasted (glandless)

8.15
Seeds, safflower seed meal, partially defatted

8.10
Fish, whitefish, dried (Alaska Native)

7.87
Soybeans, mature seeds, raw

7.67
Soybeans, mature seeds, dry roasted

7.63
Snacks, pork skins, plain

7.57
Milk, dry, nonfat, regular, with added vitamin A and vitamin D

7.57
Milk, dry, nonfat, regular, without added vitamin A and vitamin D

7.43
Milk, dry, nonfat, calcium reduced

7.35
Milk, dry, nonfat, instant, without added vitamin A and vitamin D

7.35
Milk, dry, nonfat, instant, with added vitamin A and vitamin D

7.34
Mollusks, whelk, unspecified, cooked, moist heat

7.30
Snacks, pork skins, barbecue-flavor

7.30
Cheese, romano

7.28
Cheese, parmesan, dry grated, reduced fat

7.18
Milk, buttermilk, dried

7.06
Peanut flour, low fat

6.87
Seeds, sesame flour, high-fat

6.84
Spaghetti, protein-fortified, dry, enriched (n x 6.25)

6.84
Macaroni, protein-fortified, dry, enriched, (n x 5.70)

6.84
Spaghetti, protein-fortified, dry, enriched (n x 5.70)

6.84
Macaroni, protein-fortified, dry, enriched, (n x 6.25)

6.82
Soybeans, mature seeds, roasted, salted


Glutamic Acid
Food Name

6.82
Soybeans, mature seeds, roasted, no salt added

6.81
Nuts, almonds

6.76
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Wing, meat only, skin and breading removed

6.74
Soy flour, full-fat, roasted

6.74
Soy flour, full-fat, roasted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

6.70
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, EXTRA CRISPY, Wing, meat only, skin and breading removed

6.69
Soy flour, full-fat, raw

6.69
Soy flour, full-fat, raw, crude protein basis (N x 6.25)

6.66
Smelt, dried (Alaska Native)

6.52
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, ORIGINAL RECIPE, Wing, meat only, skin and breading

6.48
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Breast, meat only, skin and breading removed

6.47
Leavening agents, yeast, baker's, active dry

6.43
Egg, whole, dried

6.37
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, EXTRA CRISPY, Breast, meat only, skin and breading removed

6.33
Gelatin desserts, dry mix, reduced calorie, with aspartame, no added sodium

6.33
Gelatin desserts, dry mix, reduced calorie, with aspartame, added phosphorus, potassium, sodium,

vitamin C

6.26
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, ORIGINAL RECIPE, Breast, meat only, skin and breading

6.24
Cheese, provolone

6.24
Cheese, provolone, reduced fat

6.20
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Drumstick, meat only, skin and breading removed

6.19
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, dried

6.16
Cheese, caraway

6.15
Cheese, edam

6.15
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, ORIGINAL RECIPE, Drumstick, meat only, skin and breading

removed

6.14
Cheese, gouda

6.14
Egg, whole, dried, stabilized, glucose reduced

6.11
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, roasted, without salt

6.11
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, roasted, with salt added

6.09
Cheese, cheddar

6.08
Nuts, butternuts, dried


Glutamic Acid
Food Name

6.06
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Fried Chicken, EXTRA CRISPY, Drumstick, meat only, skin and breading

removed

5.99
Cheese, monterey

5.98
Cheese, gruyere

5.96
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, microwaved

5.96
Beef, loin, top sirloin filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

5.93
Beef, plate steak, boneless, inside skirt, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

5.91
Nuts, almond butter, plain, without salt added

5.91
Nuts, almond butter, plain, with salt added

5.85
Peanuts, spanish, oil-roasted, with salt

5.85
Peanuts, spanish, oil-roasted, without salt

5.81
Cheese, colby

5.81
Veal, leg (top round), separable lean only, cooked, braised

5.78
Beef, top loin filet, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, grilled

5.72
Veal, leg (top round), separable lean and fat, cooked, braised

5.72
Cheese, cheshire

5.70
Cheese, swiss

5.70
Seeds, watermelon seed kernels, dried

5.69
Cheese, goat, hard type

5.68
Beef, loin, top sirloin petite roast, boneless, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked,

5.68
Cheese, mozzarella, part skim milk

5.67
Beef, rib, back ribs, bone-in, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, braised

5.65
Peanuts, valencia, oil-roasted, without salt

5.65
Veal, shoulder, arm, separable lean only, cooked, braised

5.65
Peanuts, valencia, oil-roasted, with salt

5.64
Pork, cured, bacon, cooked, broiled, pan-fried or roasted

5.61
Beef, rib eye steak, boneless, lip-on, separable lean only, trimmed to 1/8" fat, select, cooked, grilled

5.61
Beef, rib eye steak, boneless, lip off, separable lean only, trimmed to 0" fat, select, cooked, grilled

5.61
POPEYES, Fried Chicken, Mild, Thigh, meat only, skin and breading removed

5.58
Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, dried

5.57
Nuts, mixed nuts, oil roasted, with peanuts, without salt added

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