Disaccharide Content of Foods

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  See also Monosaccharide Content of Foods.


Food NameSucroseMaltoseLactoseTotal Sugars
Butter oil, anhydrous0.00.00.00.0
Cheese, cheddar0.20.20.20.5
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd0.00.02.72.7
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd0.00.01.61.9
Cheese, cottage, lowfat, 2% milkfat0.00.02.93.7
Cheese, cream0.00.03.23.2
Cheese, mozzarella, whole milk0.00.10.11.0
Cheese, neufchatel0.00.03.23.2
Cheese, parmesan, grated0.20.20.20.9
Cheese, swiss0.10.60.11.3
Cheese, pasteurized process, American, fortified with vitamin D0.00.02.22.3
Cheese food, pasteurized process, American, vitamin D fortified0.00.05.45.6
Cream, sour, cultured0.00.02.92.9
Eggnog0.00.07.88.1
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  • Nutrition data are calculated per 100g of food weight.
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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, IU = International Unit, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.









Carbohydrates

There are different types of carbohydrates. One way of classifying carbohydrates is dividing them into simple carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, and sugar alcohols.

Simple carbohydrates contain either 1 sugar (monosaccharides) or 2 sugars (disaccharides) while complex carbohydrates contain more sugar units.

Disaccharides

The 3 disaccharides are: sucrose, maltose and lactose. Disaccharides are produced from 2 monosaccharides through a dehydration reaction. This means water is produced during the reaction.

  • Sucrose: glucose + fructose, aka table sugar. Only made by plants.
  • Maltose: glucose + glucose, aka malt sugar. Seldom found in foods, present in alcoholic beverages and barley.
  • Lactose: glucose + galactose, aka milk sugar. Primarily in dairy products.

Bond Structures of Disaccharides

Maltose and sucrose have alpha-bonds while lactose contains a beta-bond. We need a special enzyme, lactase, to break the beta-bond, and this leads to the problem of lactose intolerance.

Sugar vs. High-Fructose Corn Syrup

Both sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are made from glucose and fructose. Food manufacturers are always searching for cheaper ways to produce their food. One method that has been popular is the use of high-fructose corn syrup as an alternative to sucrose. High-fructose corn syrup is approximately 50% glucose and 50% fructose. More precisely, it has either 42% or 55% fructose, which is comparable to sugar with 50% fructose. Nevertheless, because an increase in high-fructose corn syrup consumption has coincided with the increase in obesity in the U.S., there is a lot of controversy surrounding its use.

Opponents claim that high-fructose corn syrup is contributing to the rise in obesity rates. As a result, some manufactures have started releasing products made with natural sugar. Also, manufacturers have rebranded high-fructose corn syrup as corn sugar to get around the negative perception of the name. But the FDA rejected the Corn Refiners Association request to change the name officially to corn sugar, stating that the term “sugar” is used only for food “that is solid, dried and crystallized.”

“HFCS is an aqueous solution sweetener derived from corn after enzymatic hydrolysis of cornstarch, followed by enzymatic conversion of glucose (dextrose) to fructose. Thus, the use of the term ‘sugar’ to describe HFCS, a product that is a syrup, would not accurately identify or describe the basic nature of the food or its characterizing properties.”

In addition, the F.D.A. concluded that the term “corn sugar” has been used to describe the sweetener dextrose and therefore should not be used to describe high-fructose corn syrup. The agency also said the term “corn sugar” could pose a risk to consumers who have been advised to avoid fructose because of a hereditary fructose intolerance or fructose malabsorption.

“Because such individuals have associated ‘corn sugar’ to be an acceptable ingredient to their health when ‘high-fructose corn syrup’ is not, changing the name for HFCS to ‘corn sugar’ could put these individuals at risk and pose a public health concern.”

Our Carb-Related Online Databases

See our most complete directory of Carbohydrate-Related Online Databases with nutrient data on fiber, starch, sugars, fructose, lactose, galactose, maltose, sucrose, glucose, complex carb and net carb calculators, foods with no carb as well as the largest online database of glycemic index and glycemic load of foods.

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Foods High in Disaccharides

Disaccharide contents are in grams per 100 grams of food weight.



Disaccharides
Foods High in Disaccharides

99.8
Sugars, granulated

99.2
Sugar, turbinado

94.6
Sugars, brown

74.5
Lemonade, powder

69.8
Lemonade-flavor drink, powder

60.3
Drink mix, QUAKER OATS, GATORADE, orange flavor, powder

58.9
Syrup, maple, Canadian

58.3
Syrups, maple

51.5
Nuts, coconut cream, canned, sweetened

48.3
Candies, KIT KAT Wafer Bar

48.1
Candies, TOOTSIE ROLL, chocolate-flavor roll

47.9
Chocolate, dark, 45- 59% cacao solids

47.1
Sweeteners, for baking, contains sugar and sucralose

46.7
Dulce de Leche

46.2
Candies, chocolate, dark, NFS (45-59% cacao solids 90%; 60-69% cacao solids 5%; 70-85% cacao solids 5%)

44.5
Cookies, chocolate sandwich, with extra creme filling

42.9
Cookies, sugar wafers with creme filling, regular

40.0
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, GOLDEN PUFFS

39.9
Cookies, chocolate sandwich, with creme filling, regular

38.4
Papaya, canned, heavy syrup, drained

37.7
Cake, chocolate, commercially prepared with chocolate frosting, in-store bakery

37.3
Cake, yellow, commercially prepared, with chocolate frosting, in-store bakery

36.7
Chocolate, dark, 60-69% cacao solids

36.2
Nuts, coconut meat, dried (desiccated), sweetened, flaked, packaged

32.9
McDONALD'S, McDONALDLAND Chocolate Chip Cookies

32.0
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S FROSTED FLAKES

30.6
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, LUCKY CHARMS

30.4
Muffins, blueberry, commercially prepared (Includes mini-muffins)


Disaccharides
Foods High in Disaccharides

28.9
Cake, snack cakes, creme-filled, sponge

27.5
Cookies, chocolate chip, commercially prepared, regular, higher fat, enriched

26.6
Cake, pound, BIMBO Bakeries USA, Panque Casero, home baked style

25.9
McDONALD'S, Hot Fudge Sundae

25.8
Keikitos (muffins), Latino bakery item

24.9
Bread, salvadoran sweet cheese (quesadilla salvadorena)

24.7
Sauce, barbecue, BULL'S-EYE, original

24.7
Cereals, oats, instant, fortified, with cinnamon and spice, dry

24.6
Cookies, chocolate chip, commercially prepared, soft-type

24.5
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CINNAMON TOAST CRUNCH

24.0
Chocolate, dark, 70-85% cacao solids

24.0
Dates, deglet noor

23.4
Light Ice Cream, soft serve, blended with milk chocolate candies

23.4
McDONALD'S, McFLURRY with M&M'S CANDIES

22.7
McDONALD'S, Low Fat Caramel Sauce

22.0
McDONALD'S, McDONALDLAND Cookies

21.9
Pan Dulce, LA RICURA, Salpora de Arroz con Azucar, cookie-like, contains wheat flour and rice flour

21.7
Snacks, granola bars, soft, uncoated, chocolate chip

21.6
Cereals, oats, instant, fortified, with raisins and spice, dry

21.5
McDONALD'S, Strawberry Sundae

21.5
McDONALD'S, Strawberry TRIPLE THICK Shake

20.6
Cereals, QUAKER, Instant Oatmeal, Cinnamon-Spice, dry

20.3
Cereals, QUAKER, Instant Oatmeal, Raisin and Spice, dry

20.1
Light Ice Cream, soft serve, blended with cookie pieces

20.1
McDONALD'S, McFLURRY with OREO cookies

20.1
Corn, dried, yellow (Northern Plains Indians)

19.9
Doughnuts, yeast-leavened, glazed, enriched (includes honey buns)

19.8
McDONALD'S, Hot Caramel Sundae

19.7
Pie, pecan, commercially prepared

19.6
Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Energy Bar, all flavors

19.3
Cinnamon buns, frosted (includes honey buns)


Disaccharides
Foods High in Disaccharides

18.7
McDONALD'S, Vanilla TRIPLE THICK Shake

18.6
McDONALD'S, Vanilla Reduced Fat Ice Cream Cone

18.6
Fast foods, vanilla, light, soft-serve ice cream, with cone

18.5
McDONALD'S, Chocolate TRIPLE THICK Shake

18.3
Cereals ready-to-eat, POST, HONEY BUNCHES OF OATS, honey roasted

18.1
Pie Crust, Cookie-type, Graham Cracker, Ready Crust

17.6
Formulated bar, SLIM-FAST OPTIMA meal bar, milk chocolate peanut

17.6
Bread, pound cake type, pan de torta salvadoran

17.4
Dessert topping, powdered, 1.5 ounce prepared with 1/2 cup milk

17.2
Puddings, chocolate, ready-to-eat

17.0
Puddings, vanilla, ready-to-eat

16.8
McDONALD'S, Tangy Honey Mustard Sauce

16.5
Formulated bar, high fiber, chewy, oats and chocolate

15.8
McDONALD'S, Deluxe Warm Cinnamon Roll

15.5
Bread, cornbread, dry mix, prepared

15.5
Formulated bar, LUNA BAR, NUTZ OVER CHOCOLATE

15.3
McDONALD'S, Hotcakes (with 2 pats margarine & syrup)

15.0
WENDY'S, Frosty Dairy Dessert

15.0
Toaster Pastries, fruit, frosted (include apples, blueberry, cherry, strawberry)

14.9
Puddings, tapioca, ready-to-eat

14.3
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN Original

14.1
Restaurant, Latino, arroz con leche (rice pudding)

13.8
Sweet potato, cooked, candied, home-prepared

13.4
Pancakes, plain, dry mix, complete (includes buttermilk)

13.3
Pastry, Pastelitos de Guava (guava pastries)

12.9
Bread, blue corn, somiviki (Hopi)

12.9
Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Enriched Bran flakes

12.9
McDONALD'S, Hotcakes and Sausage

12.7
McDONALD'S, Warm Cinnamon Roll

12.6
Crackers, wheat, reduced fat

12.6
Pie, Dutch Apple, Commercially Prepared


Disaccharides
Foods High in Disaccharides

12.5
Rowal, raw

12.3
Crackers, cheese, sandwich-type with cheese filling

12.3
Pie, pumpkin, commercially prepared

11.9
Plantains, yellow, fried, Latino restaurant

11.5
BURGER KING, Vanilla Shake

11.5
Crackers, wheat, regular

11.0
Babyfood, dessert, custard pudding, vanilla, junior

10.5
Seeds, sunflower seed butter, with salt added

10.5
Seeds, sunflower seed butter, without salt

10.5
Restaurant, Chinese, general tso's chicken

10.4
Cereals ready-to-eat, POST, GRAPE-NUTS Cereal

10.2
KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN, Coleslaw

10.2
Lemonade, frozen concentrate, white

10.1
Egg, yolk, raw, frozen, sugared, pasteurized

10.1
McDONALD'S, Fruit 'n Yogurt Parfait

9.8
Cereals ready-to-eat, USDA Commodity Corn and Rice (includes all commodity brands)

9.7
Sweet potato, cooked, baked in skin, with salt

9.6
Milk, chocolate beverage, hot cocoa, homemade

9.6
Macaroni and cheese dinner with dry sauce mix, boxed, uncooked

9.5
Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Crispy Hexagons

9.5
Cereals ready-to-eat, Ralston Corn Biscuits

9.5
Meal supplement drink, NESTLE, SUPLIGEN, canned, peanut flavor

9.2
McDONALD'S, Fruit 'n Yogurt Parfait (without granola)

9.1
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S RICE KRISPIES

9.1
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, KIX

9.0
Fast foods, coleslaw

8.9
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S RAISIN BRAN

8.8
Babyfood, dessert, dutch apple, junior

8.7
Peanut butter, smooth style, with salt

8.7
Peanut butter, smooth style, without salt