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Diabetes Diet Food Finder

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Food NameProteinCarbFatCholSugarFiberSodium 
Milk, human174147017
Milk35275041
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole353105040
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole, low-sodium34314403
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, whole353105040
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat35155044
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat35025052
Milk, cow's, fluid, other than whole ("lowfat")35165042
Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat35285041
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat35155044
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat35285041
Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat35155044
Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat35025042
Milk, cow's, fluid, filled with vegetable oil35325057
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Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With Type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may include fatigue, thirst, weight loss, blurred vision and frequent urination. Some people have no symptoms. A blood test can show if you have diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your glucose level and take medicine if prescribed.

Diabetes Diet

If you have diabetes, your body cannot make or properly use insulin. This leads to high blood glucose, or sugar, levels in your blood. Healthy eating helps keep your blood sugar in your target range. It is a critical part of managing your diabetes, because controlling your blood sugar can prevent the complications of diabetes.

Recommendations from the National Institutes of Health for healthy diabetic eating:
  • Limit foods that are high in sugar
  • Eat smaller portions, spread out over the day
  • Be careful about when and how many carbohydrates you eat
  • Eat a variety of whole-grain foods, fruits and vegetables every day
  • Eat less fat
  • Limit your use of alcohol
  • Use less salt

Researches and Guidelines on Diabetes and Nutrition

The American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association have developed specific dietary guidelines for people with diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes diet
If you have type 1 diabetes, it is important to know how many carbohydrates you eat at a meal. This information helps you determine how much insulin you should take with your meal to maintain blood sugar (glucose) control.
The other two major nutrients, protein and fat, also have an effect on blood glucose levels, though it is not as rapid or great as carbohydrates.
A delicate balance of carbohydrate intake, insulin, and physical activity is necessary for the best blood sugar (glucose) levels. Eating carbohydrates increase your blood sugar (glucose) level. Exercise tends to decrease it (although not always). If the three factors are not in balance, you can have wide swings in blood sugar (glucose) levels.
If you have type 1 diabetes and take a fixed dose of insulin, the carbohydrate content of your meals and snacks should be consistent from day to day.

Type 2 diabetes diet
If you have type 2 diabetes, your main focus is often on weight control. Most people with this disease are overweight.
You can improve blood sugar (glucose) levels by following a meal plan that has:
•Fewer calories
•An even amount of carbohydrates (30 - 45 grams per meal)
•Healthy monounsaturated fats
Examples of foods that are high in monounsaturated fats include peanut or almond butter, almonds, and walnuts. You can substitute these foods for carbohydrates, but keep portions small because these foods are high in calories. Learn how to read nutrition labels to help you make better food choices.
Often, you can improve type 2 diabetes control by losing weight (about 10 pounds) and increasing physical activity (for example, 30 minutes of walking per day). In addition to making lifestyle changes, some people will need to take pills or insulin injections to control their blood sugar.

How to use the DietGrail food database to select foods for diabetes

This food database provides the fat, carbohydrate and protein contents, as well as those of sugar, cholesterol, fiber and sodium, of approximately 7,000 food items. A food's mineral and vitamin contents are displayed in charts to allow easy evaluation of its nutrition. You can use these vitamin and mineral charts to choose the most nutrient-dense foods and avoid foods with empty calories.
In addition, the calorie pie chart shows the contribution of fat, carb and protein to the food's total calorie. If you wish to choose low-carb foods, you can sort foods by their carb contents, or review the calorie chart and choose those where carb's contribution to total calorie value is lowest.
Foods can be searched by name and sorted by macronutrient contents to help you find the most appropriate foods.

Usage Note

  • Sugars, fiber, fat, carbohydrate and protein values in table are in grams and calculated per 100g of food.
  • Cholesterol (Chol) and sodium are measured in mg.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by fat, carbohydrate or protein content.
  • Pie chart shows relative contributions to total calories from carbohydrate, protein and fat (and alcohol, if exists).
  • The mineral and vitamin charts show the relative contents of minerals and vitamins of each food. The higher the bubble, the higher mineral or vitamin content a food has relative to other foods. The larger the bubble, the greater the mineral or vitamin content relative to the Recommended Daily Allowances.

High-Carb High-Calorie Food List

A list of 100 typical high-carb high-calorie foods to help you recognize foods of this type. Carbohydrate content (per 100 grams of food weight) is in grams.



Samples of High-Carb High-Calorie Foods Calories Carb

Candies, confectioner's coating, butterscotch 539 67.1

Candies, toffee, prepared-from-recipe 560 64.7

Candies, MARS SNACKFOOD US, COCOAVIA Chocolate Bar 539 63.0

Chocolate-flavored hazelnut spread 541 62.2

Chocolate, dark, 45- 59% cacao solids 546 61.2

Candies, SPECIAL DARK Chocolate Bar 556 60.5

Candies, chocolate, dark, NFS (45-59% cacao solids 90%; 60-69% cacao solids 5%; 70-85% 550 60.0

cacao solids 5%)

Candies, dark chocolate coated coffee beans 540 60.0

Candies, MARS SNACKFOOD US, DOVE Milk Chocolate 546 59.8

Candies, white chocolate 539 59.2

Cookies, shortbread, commercially prepared, pecan 542 58.3

Fast foods, nachos, with cinnamon and sugar 543 58.2

Candies, HERSHEY'S, ALMOND JOY BITES 563 57.5

Snacks, corn-based, extruded, chips, unsalted 557 57.4

Snacks, corn-based, extruded, cones, nacho-flavor 536 57.3

Candies, carob, unsweetened 540 56.3

Candies, MARS SNACKFOOD US, TWIX chocolate fudge cookie bars 550 56.0

Candies, crispy bar with peanut butter filling 542 55.5

Candies, milk chocolate coated coffee beans 549 55.3

MCKEE BAKING, LITTLE DEBBIE NUTTY BARS, Wafers with Peanut Butter, Chocolate Covered 548 55.2

Cream substitute, powdered 545 54.9

Candies, MR. GOODBAR Chocolate Bar 538 54.3

Candies, MARS SNACKFOOD US, TWIX Peanut Butter Cookie Bars 536 54.2

Snacks, corn-based, extruded, puffs or twists, cheese-flavor, unenriched 558 54.1

Granola bar, soft, milk chocolate coated, peanut butter 536 54.1

Snacks, potato chips, plain, made with partially hydrogenated soybean oil, unsalted 536 52.9

Snacks, potato chips, plain, unsalted 536 52.9

Snacks, potato chips, plain, made with partially hydrogenated soybean oil, salted 536 52.9


Samples of High-Carb High-Calorie Foods Calories Carb

Dessert topping, powdered 577 52.5

Chocolate, dark, 60-69% cacao solids 579 52.4

Snacks, corn-based, extruded, puffs or twists, cheese-flavor 565 52.4

Snack, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, plain 559 52.0

Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, sour-cream and onion-flavor 547 51.3

Pinon Nuts, roasted (Navajo) 541 51.1

Candies, HERSHEY'S MILK CHOCOLATE WITH ALMOND BITES 550 51.0

Snacks, potato chips, plain, salted 542 50.8

Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, cheese-flavor 551 50.6

Candies, MARS SNACKFOOD US, COCOAVIA Chocolate Covered Almonds 573 50.2

Candies, HERSHEY'S GOLDEN ALMOND SOLITAIRES 570 46.9

Snacks, sesame sticks, wheat-based, unsalted 541 46.5

Snacks, sesame sticks, wheat-based, salted 541 46.5

Candies, HERSHEY'S POT OF GOLD Almond Bar 577 46.2

Chocolate, dark, 70-85% cacao solids 598 45.9

Puff pastry, frozen, ready-to-bake, baked 558 45.7

Puff pastry, frozen, ready-to-bake 551 45.1

Snacks, popcorn, oil-popped, microwave, regular flavor 583 45.1

Nuts, coconut meat, dried (desiccated), toasted 592 44.4

Sauce, mole poblano, dry mix, single brand 571 41.7

Candies, chocolate covered, dietetic or low calorie 593 38.6

Nuts, beechnuts, dried 576 33.5

Nuts, cashew nuts, dry roasted, without salt added 574 32.7

Nuts, cashew nuts, dry roasted, with salt added 574 32.7

Nuts, cashew nuts, raw 553 30.2

Nuts, cashew nuts, oil roasted, with salt added 581 30.2

Nuts, cashew nuts, oil roasted, without salt added 580 29.9

Nuts, pistachio nuts, dry roasted, without salt added 567 29.4

Nuts, pistachio nuts, dry roasted, with salt added 564 28.7

Nuts, formulated, wheat-based, flavored, macadamia flavored, without salt 619 27.9

Nuts, almonds, honey roasted, unblanched 594 27.9

Our Sugar-Related Nutrient Databases

Individual sugars: Fructose, galactose, glucose, lactose, maltose, sucrose.
Multiple sugars: Fructose, glucose and sucrose.
UK Nutrient Databank: Glucose, galactose, fructose, sucrose, maltose, lactose and total sugars in foods commonly available in the UK.




Samples of High-Carb High-Calorie Foods Calories Carb

Nuts, cashew butter, plain, without salt added 587 27.6

Nuts, cashew butter, plain, with salt added 587 27.6

Nuts, pistachio nuts, raw 562 27.5

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, from raw and stone ground kernels 570 26.2

Seeds, sesame meal, partially defatted 567 26.0

Seeds, sesame seed kernels, toasted, with salt added (decorticated) 567 26.0

Seeds, sesame seed kernels, toasted, without salt added (decorticated) 567 26.0

Seeds, sesame seeds, whole, roasted and toasted 565 25.7

Nuts, mixed nuts, dry roasted, with peanuts, with salt added 594 25.4

Nuts, mixed nuts, dry roasted, with peanuts, without salt added 594 25.4

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, dry roasted, with salt added 582 24.1

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, dry roasted, without salt 582 24.1

Seeds, sesame butter, paste 586 24.1

USDA Commodity, Peanut Butter, smooth 588 24.0

Egg Mix, USDA Commodity 555 24.0

Nuts, formulated, wheat-based, unflavored, with salt added 622 23.7

Nuts, coconut meat, dried (desiccated), not sweetened 660 23.7

Seeds, sesame seeds, whole, dried 573 23.5

Seeds, sunflower seed butter, with salt added 617 23.3

Seeds, sunflower seed butter, without salt 617 23.3

Hazelnuts, beaked (Northern Plains Indians) 628 23.0

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, oil roasted, with salt added 592 22.9

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, oil roasted, without salt 592 22.9

Nuts, mixed nuts, oil roasted, without peanuts, with salt added 615 22.3

Nuts, mixed nuts, oil roasted, without peanuts, without salt added 615 22.3

Peanut butter, reduced sodium 590 21.8

Nuts, almonds 575 21.7

Peanut butter, chunk style, with salt 589 21.6

Peanut butter, chunk style, without salt 589 21.6

Nuts, coconut meat, dried (desiccated), creamed 684 21.5

Peanuts, all types, dry-roasted, without salt 585 21.5


Samples of High-Carb High-Calorie Foods Calories Carb

Peanuts, all types, dry-roasted, with salt 585 21.5

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, type of kernels unspecified 592 21.5

Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, with salt added 595 21.2

Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, without salt added 595 21.2

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, from roasted and toasted kernels (most common type) 595 21.2

Nuts, mixed nuts, oil roasted, with peanuts, without salt added 607 21.1

Nuts, mixed nuts, oil roasted, with peanuts, with salt added 607 21.1

Peanuts, valencia, raw 570 20.9

Nuts, formulated, wheat-based, all flavors except macadamia, without salt 647 20.8

Oil, PAM cooking spray, original 792 20.7

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, toasted, with salt added 619 20.6

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, toasted, without salt 619 20.6

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